## On the Subject of Unfair Cipher

It doesn’t play that fair anymore.

This module has two displays. The display on top shows the encrypted message. There’s also a strip of LEDs which will light up to show the current stage.

The display on the right can be clicked to toggle between showing the Module ID, in white, or strikes the module is keeping track of, in red. Both of these are shown in Roman numerals.

For all operations involving STRIKES, always refer to the number in red on the module itself.

The module encrypts a string of four three-letter-long instructions with two Playfair Ciphers, using different keys for each. Enter the correct combination of inputs to disarm the module.

• The order of encryptions is the following: Original -> Key A Encrypted -> Key C Encrypted -> Caesar Ciphered. Reverse the order to obtain the original instruction string.

### Key A

2. Transform each letter into its numerical equivalent (A=1, B=2, etc.).
• Make a single string of digits.
• Ignore the first character if its numerical equivalent is 20 or above.
3. Remove the last digit if either the 4th or the 5th characters of the serial are vowels.
• You should only do this once, even in the case both characters are vowels.
4. Convert this number into hexadecimal. Refer to Appendix D3K2H3X for instructions.
5. Now read the string of hexadecimal digits as a string of decimal digits and letters. Going from left to right, for every digit:
• If the digit is followed by another digit and they form a number in the range 10–26, convert the pair into its alphabetical equivalent.
• Otherwise, convert the single digit into its alphabetical equivalent, or skip it if it is a zero.
6. Transform the Module ID, the number of port plates and the number of battery holders into their alphabetical equivalents. (Don’t add a letter if the value is equal to zero.)
7. Append these three characters at the end of the result of the previous conversion.
8. This is Key A.

### Key B

Obtain Key B from the following table:

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov ABDA FEV DBHC BLD DBIE AFEF AFCG CQH DEAI FEAA EFAB DECC ABDB FEW DBHD BLE DBIF AFEG AFCH CQI DEAA FEAB EFAC DECD ABDC FEX DBHE BLF DBIG AFEH AFCI CQA DEAB FEAC EFAD DECE ABDD FEY DBHF BLG DBIH AFEI AFCA CQB DEAC FEAD EFAE DECF ABDE FEZ DBHG BLH DBII AFEA AFCB CQC DEAD FEAE EFAF DED ABDF FEBG DBHH BLI DBIA AFEB AFCC CQD DEAE FEAF EFB DEDA ABDG FEBH DBHI BLA DBIB AFEC AFCD CQE DEAF FET EFBA DEDB

### Key C

Use a Playfair Cipher to encode Key A using Key B as the keyword. This is Key C.

Refer to Appendix PL4YF4112 101 for instructions.

### Solving — Step 1: Caesar Cipher

Condition Operation
For every port type − 2
For every port plate + 1
For every consonant in the serial number + 1
For every vowel in the serial number − 2
For every lit indicator + 2
For every unlit indicator − 2
For every battery − 1
No batteries + 10
No ports × 2
31 or more modules ÷ 2

Calculate an offset used for the Caesar Cipher. Start with 0 and perform all operations in the following table for each matching condition.

In the division operation, drop any remainders.

To decipher the message, shift every letter on the screen forwards by this many letters if the offset is negative, backwards if positive. Wrap back to the other side of the alphabet if you have to go backwards from A or forwards from Z.

### Solving — Step 2: Playfair Ciphers

Use a Playfair cipher with Key C as the keyword to decrypt the string you just deciphered.

Repeat this process once more, but with Key A as the keyword.

You now have the original message.

### Solving — Step 3: Executing the Instructions

The message consists of 4 instructions. Execute the instructions left to right.

Tap the small screen on the right to toggle between showing Module ID or strikes. Strikes are shown in red. Both of these are in Roman numerals.

#### Instructions:

‘%’ refers to the modulo (remainder) operation.
Inner Center refers to the white button in the middle.
Outer Center refers to the grey triangular frame around the colored buttons.
Refer to Appendix PR1M3 for a list of prime numbers.

• PCR: Press the Red button.
• PCG: Press the Green button.
• PCB: Press the Blue button.
• SUB: Press Outer Center when the seconds digits on the timer match.
• MIT: Press Inner Center when the last digit on the timer matches (m + c + s) % 10, with m being the Module ID, c being the number of times a colored (R, G, B) button has been pressed since the last strike on this module (or since the beginning if there are no strikes) and s being the current stage, starting with 1.
• PRN: Press Inner Center if Module ID % 20 is a prime number; otherwise, press Outer Center.
• CHK: Press Outer Center if Module ID % 20 is a prime number; otherwise, press Inner Center.
• BOB: Press Inner Center.
• If there is a lit BOB as the only indicator on the bomb and two batteries in total, this instantly solves the module!
• REP or EAT: Repeat the last input, or press Inner Center if this is the first instruction.
• STR or IKE: Starting from Red (0) at the top, count as many colored buttons clockwise as there are strikes and press the resulting button.
• For these instructions, refer to the Strike Counter on the small screen of the module itself.
DEC HEX
0 - 9 0 - 9
10 A
11 B
12 C
13 D
14 E
15 F
16 10
26 1A
... ...

### Appendix — D3K2H3X

1. Divide the number by 16. Obtain the remainder and quotient.
2. Convert the remainder into a hexadecimal digit (see table).
3. Repeat these steps with the quotient as the new number. Keep repeating until the quotient is zero.
4. Reverse the order of the hexadecimal digits obtained.

### Appendix — PR1M3

• Prime numbers (to 20): 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19

### Appendix — PL4YF4112 101

• Create a 5×5 matrix of letters. Start with your keyword and fill the rest with the unused letters of the alphabet. Each letter must occur only once in the matrix, so only add the first occurrence. ‘J’ and ‘I’ are interchangeable.
• In the following text, use the instructions marked (d) when decrypting and those marked (e) when encrypting.
• Split the message into character pairs. If you cannot form a pair, add an ‘X’. If the characters are the same, transform the second character into an ‘X’. For each pair:
• If the letters appear on the same row of your matrix, replace them with the letters to their immediate left (d)/right (e) respectively, wrapping around to the other side of the row if necessary.
• If the letters are on the same column of your matrix, replace them with the letters immediately above (d)/below (e), wrapping to the other side if necessary.
• If the letters are on different rows and columns, replace each of them with the letter on the same row but in the column of the other letter in the original pair.
• Drop any final X’s that don’t make sense and locate any I’s that should be J’s.